- Smoot et al. 1992 paper (post script)
announcing discovery
- Figure 1 post script file (550Kb)
currently not in place
- A.
Maps and overlay for comparison with {\it COBE} DMR maps:
%Top is COBE DIRBE (Hauser \etal) 240-micron wavelength dust map.
Top is IRAS 100-micron wavelength zodi-removed dust map.
Middle is Galactic coordinate grid and source positions.
Bottom is the Haslam et al. 408 MHz sky survey.
- B. COBE DMR (A+B)/2 maps at 31, 53, and 90 GHz The maps have been smoothed with a 7-degree FWHM Gaussian, which when combined with the approximately 7-degree FWHM Gaussian beam shape results in about a 10-degree smoothing on the sky.
- C. COBE DMR (A-B)/2 maps at 31, 53, and 90 GHz. The maps are processed identically as B). The sky signal is canceled by the subtraction but the average instrument noise remains the same.

- A.
Maps and overlay for comparison with {\it COBE} DMR maps:
%Top is COBE DIRBE (Hauser \etal) 240-micron wavelength dust map.
Top is IRAS 100-micron wavelength zodi-removed dust map.
Middle is Galactic coordinate grid and source positions.
Bottom is the Haslam et al. 408 MHz sky survey.
- Figure 2 post script file (50Kb) figure of the 53 GHz correlation function as a function of Galactic latitude cut angle.
- Figure 3 post script file (100Kb) figure of the 53 x 90 GHz cross correlation function and monte carlo simulation of expected signal for scale invariant primordial spectrum.

- Figure 1 post script file (550Kb)
currently not in place
- Galactic Foregrounds Paper (Bennett et al. 1992)
- Systematic Errors Paper (Kogut et al. 1992)
- Interpretation Paper (Wright et al. 1992)

- Smoot et al. 1990 ApJ, 360, 685. Description of COBE DMR
- Boggess et al. 1992 ApJ 397, 420-429 "The COBE Mission : Its Design and Performance Two Years After Launch"

### 1.

**astro-ph/9610238**[abs, src, ps, other] :### 2.

**astro-ph/9606164**[abs, src, ps, other] :-
**Title:**Small Angular Scale Simulations of the Microwave Sky

**Author(s):**D. Sáez (1), E. Holtmann (2), G. F. Smoot (2) ((1) Departamento de Astronom\'{\i}a y Astrof\'{\i}sica, Universidad de Valencia, Burjassot, Valencia, Spain, (2) Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, Space Science Laboratory, CfPA, Univer**Comments:**16 pages (LATEX), 2 postcript figures. Accepted in ApJ

### 3.

**astro-ph/9605142**[abs, src, ps, other] :-
**Title:**The Second Measurement of Anisotropy in the Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation at 0\fdg5 Scales near the Star Mu Pegasi

**Author(s):**M. A. Lim (1,3), A. C. Clapp (1,2,4), M. J. Devlin (1,2,5), N. Figueiredo (1,3,7,8), J. O. Gundersen (1,3), S. Hanany (1,2), V. V. Hristov (1,2), A. E. Lange (1,4), P. M. Lubin (1,3), P. R. Meinhold (1,3), P. L. Richards (1,2), J. W. Staren (1,3), G. F. Smoot (1,2,6), and S. T. Tanaka (1,2) ((1)NSF Center for Particle Astrophysics, (2)Physics Department, University of California at Berkeley, (3) Physics Department, University of California at Santa Barbara, ### 4.

**astro-ph/9605060**[abs, src, ps, other] :-
**Title:**The GEM Project: an International Collaboration to Survey Galactic Radiation Emission

**Author(s):**S. Torres, V. Canon, R. Casas, A. Umana, C. Tello, T. Villela, M. Bersanelli, M. Bensadoun, G. De Amici, M. Limon, G. Smoot, C. Witebsky

**Comments:**6 pages, Plain Latex + 1 (uuencoded) PostScript figure Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 not included, available from storres@cdcnet.uniandes.edu.co

### 5.

**astro-ph/9603157**[abs, ps] :-
**Title:**The Cosmic Background Radiation

**Author(s):**G. F. Smoot (UCB/LBL), D. Scott (UBC)

**Comments:**10 pages, postscript file available at this http URL and also at this http URL, the RPP sub-page for Astrophysics

### 6.

**astro-ph/9603121**[abs, src, ps, other] :-
**Title:**Contribution of Extragalactic Infrared Sources to CMB Foreground Anisotropy

**Author(s):**Eric Gawiser, George F. Smoot

**Comments:**15 pages LaTex, 4 PostScript figures, submitted to ApJL

### 7.

**astro-ph/9601151**[abs, src, ps, other] :-
**Title:**The Dipole Observed in the COBE DMR Four-Year Data

**Author(s):**C. H. Lineweaver, L. Tenorio, G. F. Smoot, P. Keegstra, A. J. Banday, P. Lubin

**Comments:**New and improved version; to be published in ApJ next month

### 8.

**astro-ph/9601067**[abs, src, ps, other] :-
**Title:**4-Year COBE DMR Cosmic Microwave Background Observations: Maps and Basic Results

**Author(s):**C. L. Bennett, A. Banday, K. M. Gorski, G. Hinshaw, P. Jackson, P. Keegstra, A. Kogut, G. F. Smoot, D. T. Wilkinson, E. L. Wright

**Comments:**11 pages plus 2 PostScript figures. Figures 2 and 4 are not included, but are available upon request to bennett@stars.gsfc.nasa.gov. Submitted to The Astrophysical Journal (Letters)

**Journal-ref:**Astrophys.J. 464 (1996) L1-L4

### 9.

**astro-ph/9601066**[abs, src, ps, other] :-
**Title:**Calibration and Systematic Error Analysis For the COBE-DMR Four-Year Sky Maps

**Author(s):**A. Kogut, A. J. Banday, C. L. Bennett, K. M. Gorski, G. Hinshaw, P. D. Jackson, P. Keegstra, C. Lineweaver, G. F. Smoot, L. Tenorio, E. L. Wright

**Comments:**47 pages including 13 encapsulated PostScript figures. Submitted to The Astrophysical Journal

### 10.

**astro-ph/9601065**[abs, src, ps, other] :-
**Title:**RMS Anisotropy in the COBE-DMR Four-Year Sky Maps

**Author(s):**A. J. Banday, K. M. Gorski, C. L. Bennett, G. Hinshaw, A. Kogut, C. Lineweaver, G. F. Smoot, L. Tenorio

**Comments:**14 pages, submitted to The Astrophysical Journal (Letters)

### 11.

**astro-ph/9601064**[abs, src, ps, other] :-
**Title:**Non-cosmological Signal Contributions to the COBE-DMR Four-Year Sky Maps

**Author(s):**A. J. Banday, K. M. Gorski, C. L. Bennett, G. Hinshaw, A. Kogut, G. F. Smoot

**Comments:**14 Pages LaTeX, submitted to The Astrophysical Journal (Letters)

### 12.

**astro-ph/9601063**[abs, src, ps, other] :-
**Title:**Power Spectrum of Primordial Inhomogeneity Determined from the 4-Year COBE DMR Sky Maps

**Author(s):**K. M. Gorski, A. J. Banday, C. L. Bennett, G. Hinshaw, A. Kogut, G. F. Smoot, E. L. Wright

**Comments:**9 pages of text in LaTeX, 1 postscript Table, 4 postscript figures (2 color plates), submitted to The Astrophysical Journal (Letters)

### 13.

**astro-ph/9601062**[abs, src, ps, other] :-
**Title:**Tests for Non-Gaussian Statistics in the DMR Four-Year Sky Maps

**Author(s):**A. Kogut, A. J. Banday, C. L. Bennett, K. Gorski, G. Hinshaw, G. F. Smoot, E. L. Wright

**Comments:**15 pages including 4 encapsulated PostScript figures. Submitted to The Astrophysical Journal (Letters)

### 14.

**astro-ph/9601061**[abs, src, ps, other] :-
**Title:**2-Point Correlations in the COBE DMR 4-Year Anisotropy Maps

**Author(s):**G. Hinshaw, A. J. Banday, C. L. Bennett, K. M. Gorski, A. Kogut, C. H. Lineweaver, G. F. Smoot, E. L. Wright

**Comments:**Sumbitted to ApJ Letters

### 15.

**astro-ph/9601060**[abs, src, ps, other] :-
**Title:**Microwave Emission at High Galactic Latitudes

**Author(s):**A. Kogut, G. Hinshaw, A. J. Banday, C. L. Bennett, K. Gorski, G. F. Smoot, E. L. Wright

**Comments:**14 pages including 2 encapsulated color figures. Submitted to The Astrophysical Journal (Letters)

### 16.

**astro-ph/9601059**[abs, src, ps, other] :-
**Title:**Angular Power Spectrum of the Microwave Background Anisotropy seen by the COBE Differential Microwave Radiometer

**Author(s):**E. L. Wright, C. L. Bennett, K. Gorski, G. Hinshaw, G. F. Smoot

**Comments:**17 pages including 3 PostScript figures. Submitted to The Astrophysical Journal (Letters)

### 17.

**astro-ph/9601058**[abs, src, ps, other] :-
**Title:**Band Power Spectra in the COBE DMR 4-Year Anisotropy Maps

**Author(s):**G. Hinshaw, A. J. Banday, C. L. Bennett, K. M. Gorski, A. Kogut, G. F. Smoot, E. L. Wright

**Comments:**Submitted to ApJ Letters

### 18.

**astro-ph/9512067**[abs, src, ps, other] :-
**Title:**Measurements of Anisotropy in the Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation at 0\fdg5 Scales near the Stars HR5127 and Phi Herculis

**Author(s):**S. T. Tanaka, A. C. Clapp, M. J. Devlin, N. Figueiredo, J. O. Gundersen, S. Hanany, V. V. Hristov, A. E. Lange, M. A. Lim, P. M. Lubin, P. R. Meinhold, P. L. Richards, G. F. Smoot, J. Staren

**Comments:**17 pages, 2 Postscript figures, uses aasms4.sty

### 19.

**astro-ph/9510109**[abs, ps] :-
**Title:**Can the lack of symmetry in the COBE/DMR maps constrain the topology of the universe?

**Author(s):**Angelica de Oliveira-Costa, George F. Smoot, Alexei A. Starobinsky

**Comments:**19 pages, postscript, 3 figures included, submitted to ApJ

### 20.

**astro-ph/9505139**[abs, ps] :-
**Title:**The Cosmic Background Radiation, Snowmass Workshop

**Author(s):**George F. Smoot (Berkeley)

**Comments:**postscript 30 pages including 15 figures, uuencoded, revised version

### 21.

**astro-ph/9505012**[abs, ps] :-
**Title:**LONG WAVELENGTH OBSERVATIONS OF HIGH GALACTIC LATITUDE DUST

**Author(s):**George F. Smoot (Berkeley)

**Comments:**8 pages, postscript, 6 figures

### 22.

**astro-ph/9504072**[abs, src, ps, other] :-
**Title:**Hot and Cold Spots in the First plus Second Year COBE/DMR Maps

**Author(s):**Laura Cayon, George Smoot (Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory Center for Particle Astrophysics)

**Comments:**uuencoded compressed postscript including figures. To be published in ApJ

### 23.

**astro-ph/9504056**[abs, src, ps, other] :-
**Title:**FAR-INFRARED SPECTRAL OBSERVATIONS OF THE GALAXY BY COBE

**Author(s):**W. T. Reach, E. Dwek, D. J. Fixsen, T. Hewagama, J. C. Mather, R. A. Shafer, A. J. Banday, C. L. Bennett, E. S. Cheng, R. E. Eplee, Jr., D. Leisawitz, P. M. Lubin, S. M. Read, L. P. Rosen, F. G. D. Shuman, G. F. Smoot, T. J. Sodroski, E. L. Wright

**Comments:**UUencoded tar file, including LaTeX manuscript file and 11 postscript figure files; accepted for publication in the Astrophysical Journal, scheduled for 20 Sep 1995 issue

### 24.

**astro-ph/9412003**[abs, ps] :-
**Title:**Constraints on the Topology of the Universe from the 2-Year COBE Data

**Author(s):**Angelica de Oliveira-Costa, George F. Smoot

**Comments:**15 pages, including 4 figures, postscript, submitted to Ap.J.Lett

### 25.

**astro-ph/9411097**[abs, src, ps, other] :-
**Title:**Comparison of the COBE DMR and Tenerife Data

**Author(s):**Lineweaver, C. H., Hancock, S., Smoot, G. F., Lasenby, A. N., Davies, R. D., Banday, A. J., Gutierrez de la Cruz, C. M., Watson, R. A., Rebolo, R.

**Comments:**15 pages + 4 figs uuencoded compressed postscript, submitted to APJL

### 26.

**astro-ph/9408097**[abs, ps] :-
On the RMS Anisotropy at 7 degrees and 10 degrees Observed in the COBE-DMR Two
Year Sky Maps, by A.J. Banday, K.M. Gorski, L. Tenorio, E.L. Wright, G.F.
Smoot, C.H. Lineweaver, A. Kogut, G. Hinshaw, & C.L. Bennett; 15 pages
including 3 tables and 3 figures, uuencoded Postscript; Accepted for
publication in The Astrophysical Journal; COBE Preprint 94-16.

### 27.

**astro-ph/9408070**[abs, ps] :-
Gaussian Statistics of the Cosmic Microwave Background: Correlation of
Temperature Extrema In the COBE DMR Two-Year Sky Maps, by A. Kogut, A.J.
Banday, C.L. Bennett, G. Hinshaw, P.M. Lubin, and G.F. Smoot, uuencoded
compressed PostScript file (8 pages including 1 figure) submitted to The
Astrophysical Journal Letters, August 18, 1994 (COBE preprint 94-15)

### 28.

**astro-ph/9404072**[abs, src, ps, other] :-
Measurements of Anisotropy in the Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation at
Degree Angular Scales Near the Stars Sigma Hercules and Iota Draconis, A. C.
Clapp, M. J. Devlin, J. O. Gundersen, C. A. Hagmann, V. V. Hristov, A.E. Lange,
M. Lim, P. M. Lubin, P. D. Mauskopf, P. R. Meinhold, P. L. Richards, G. F.
Smoot, S. T. Tanaka P. T. Timbie, and C. A. Wuensche, 13 pages, postscript
file, 2 figures

### 29.

**astro-ph/9404036**[abs, src, ps, other] :-
Measurements of Anisotropy in the Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation at 0.5
Degree Angular Scales Near the Star Gamma Ursae Minoris. M.J. Devlin, A.C.
Clapp, J.O. Gundersen, C.A. Hagmann, V.V. Hristov, A.E. Lange, M.A. Lim, P.M.
Lubin, P.D. Mauskopf, P.R. Meinhold, P.L. Richards, G.F. Smoot, S.T. Tanaka,
P.T. Timbie, and C.A. Wuensche. 16 pages, postscript, Center for Particle
Astrophysics ref # 94-15

### 30.

**astro-ph/9403067**[abs, ps] :-
On Determining the Spectrum of Primordial Inhomogeneity from the COBE DMR Sky

**Maps:**II. Results of Two Year Data Analysis, K.M. Gorski, G. Hinshaw, A.J.Banday, C.L. Bennett, E.L. Wright, A. Kogut, G.F. Smoot & P. Lubin. 13 pages, 4 figures included, uuencoded Postscript file. Submitted to ApJ Letters, COBE Preprint #94-08.

### 31.

**astro-ph/9403021**[abs, src, ps, other] :-
Correlated Errors in the COBE DMR Sky Maps, C. H. Lineweaver, G. F. Smoot, C.
L. Bennett, E. L. Wright, L. Tenorio, A. Kogut, P. B. Keegstra, G. Hinshaw, A.
J. Banday, 11 pages + 3 figures, post-script file

### 32.

**astro-ph/9402007**[abs, ps] :-
Search For Unresolved Sources In The COBE-DMR Two-Year Sky Maps, by A. Kogut,
A.J. Banday, C.L. Bennett, G. Hinshaw, K. Loewenstein, P. Lubin, G.F. Smoot,
and E.L. Wright, 16 pages including 2 figures, uuencoded PostScript, COBE
preprint 94-06.

### 33.

**astro-ph/9401015**[abs, src, ps, other] :-
Angular Power Spectrum of the Microwave Background Anisotropy seen by the COBE
Differential Microwave Radiometer, E. L. Wright, G. F. Smoot, C. L. Bennett and
P. M. Lubin, 22 pages of LaTex using aaspp.sty and epsf.sty with appended
Postscript figures, COBE Preprint 94-02

### 34.

**astro-ph/9401012**[abs, ps] :-
Cosmic Temperature Fluctuations from Two Years of COBE DMR Observations C.
Bennett, A. Kogut, G. Hinshaw, A. Banday, E. Wright, K. Gorski, D. Wilkinson,
R. Weiss, G. Smoot, S. Meyer, J. Mather, P. Lubin, K. Loewenstein, C.
Lineweaver, P. Keegstra, E. Kaita, P. Jackson, E. Cheng; Accepted by the
Astrophysical Journal. Modifications include the addition of a quadrupole-
removed correlation function and an analysis of the technique bias on the power
spectral index, n. The most likely, de-biased, estimate of n is between 1.1 and
1.3. 57 pages of uu-encoded postscript (incl 3 b&w figures)

### 35.

**astro-ph/9312056**[abs, src, ps, other] :-
Dipole Anisotropy in the COBE DMR First-Year Sky Maps, A. Kogut, C. Lineweaver,
G.F. Smoot, C. L. Bennett, A. Banday, et al., Post Script (4 figures) Ap J 419,
1-6 (1993)

### 36.

**astro-ph/9312031**[abs, src, ps, other] :-
Statistics and Topology of the COBE DMR First Year Maps, G.F. Smoot, L.
Tenorio, A.J. Banday, A. Kogut, E.L. Wright, G. Hinshaw, and C. Bennett, 17
pages post script

### 37.

**astro-ph/9311030**[abs, ps] :-
Limits on Three-Point Correlations in the COBE-DMR First Year Anisotropy Maps,
G. Hinshaw, A. Kogut, K.M. Gorski, A.J. Banday, C.L. Bennett, C. Lineweaver, P.
Lubin, G.F. Smoot & E.L. Wright, 14 pages, 2 figures, uuencoded Postscript,
COBE #93-12

### 38.

**astro-ph/9212003**[abs, src, no ps] :-
Gravity's rainbow, George F. Smoot and Paul J. Steinhardt, 15 pages, UPR-0543T

**Journal-ref:**Class.Quant.Grav. 10 (1993) S19

### 39.

**astro-ph/9207001**[abs, src, ps, other] :-
Cosmic Microwave Background Probes Models of Inflation R.L. Davis, H.M. Hodges,
G.F. Smoot, P.J. Steinhardt, M.S. Turner 12 pages, FERMILAB-Pub-92/168-A

Return to the Smoot Group page for a complete description of Dr. Smoot's group's research activities.

Revised 19 March 1997; smoot@cosmos.lbl.gov